FEMALE FERTILITY DUE TO OVULATION DISORDERS

There is increasing evidence on the effectiveness of dietary and lifestyle interventions in relation to fertility and healthy pregnancy (1, ambulance 2). According to Chavarro et al (3,4), ovulation disorders, leading to infertility in many cases, can be prevented through modification of diet and lifestyle. Dietary changes include avoiding trans fats and use more of unsaturated vegetable oils e.g. olive oil, eat vegetable protein like nuts and beans and less of animal protein. Choose good sources of carbohydrates like whole grains that have low glycemic index which have slow effect on blood sugar and insulin production. Use full-fat dairy products like whole milk and less of low-fat dairy products. Iron intake should rather come from vegetable sources like vegetables, beans, fruits and supplements, instead of read meat. Read more ›

VITAMIN D

VITAMIN D 

Vitamin D is important to maintain serum calcium in the human body via the action of parathyroid hormone.  It increases calcium absorption in the small intestines, store increases re-absorption from urine (kidney) and leads to increased bone mineralization.  Vitamin D deficiency affects bone health and causes rickets in children, information pills osteomalacia, osteopenia and osteoporosis in adolescents/adults and increases risk of fractures. Vitamin D deficiency causes secondary hyperparathyroidism leading to a reduction in mineralized bone volume.[1]  Osteoporosis affects many of the elderly and is a debilitating disease with the hallmark of fragility fractures. It is urgent to tackle this problem with nutritional approaches and policy making for prevention and treatment.  Read more ›

THE ROLE OF THE MICROBIOTA

THE ROLE OF THE MICROBIOTA

The microbes in our body, website like this especially in the gut, play important part in relation to nutrition and on human physiology.  Microbes are important for human life and all changes may influence the health of the host.  Bowel diseases have been associated with changes of the gut microbiome.[1],[2],[3],[4],[5]  Beneficial homeostasis between the host and the microbiota must be ensured by restricted microbial growth in the intestines, where the mucosal immune system operates and tight regulation of the gut microbiota prevents chronic inflammation in the host. Several aspects of the immune tissues in the host are developed and directed by the intestinal microbiota, as well as immune cell populations and immune mediators.[6]

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FUNCTIONAL GASTROINTESTINAL DISORDER

FUNCTIONAL GASTROINTESTINAL DISORDER

Advisement on diet is important when it comes to functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID). This is a challenging task for clinicians, physician as it seems that the underlying cause is resided within the nervous system, representing diet as one of the triggering factors for symptoms.  Science now reveals good evidence on restricting FODMAPs from the diet on controlling symptoms e.g. with subjects suffering from irritable bowel syndrome.[1] Read more ›

MAGNESIUM

MAGNESIUM

Magnesium (Mg) is the second most abundant divalent intracellular cation in the body.[1]  It is involved in energy metabolism as well as protein and nucleic acid synthesis and is a cofactor in more than 300 enzymatic reactions.  The human body stores about 24-5g (1 mol) of Mg, stuff approximately 50-60% in bone and the rest in soft tissues, order and extracellular Mg is about 0.3-1% of the total body Mg.2  One-third of skeletal Mg is exchangeable and is believed to serve as a reservoir for maintaining normal extra-cellular Mg concentrations.[2], website [3] Read more ›

SELENIUM IN HUMAN HEALTH

SELENIUM IN HUMAN HEALTH

Selenium (Se) is an essential dietary trace element and is required for many functions regarding human health.[1]  Se has structural and enzymatic roles as a constituent of selenoproteins.[2], viagra [3]  Selenium is important for active thyroid hormone1 production and higher Se status reduces the risk of autoimmune thyroid disease.  Selenium is important for the proper functioning of the immune system.[4], information pills [5] Reduced cancer risk has been associated with elevated Se intake and Se is a key nutrient in counteracting the development of virulence as well as inhibiting HIV progression to AIDS.  Low Se status has been associated with cognitive decline, increased risk of mortality and poor immune function.[6] Read more ›

IODINE

IODINE   

Iodine (I) is an essential element/component for hormonal production by the thyroid gland.[1], order [2]  Iodine deficiency (ID) can cause brain damage and can be prevented by adequate iodine status in pregnancy, health infancy and childhood.  WHO defines ID as population median urinary iodine excretion less than 100 mcg/L; mild=50-99 mcg/L, visit this site moderate=20-49 mcg/L and severe if <20 mcg/L.[3] Read more ›

GENE-NUTRIENT INTERACTIONS

GENE-NUTRIENT INTERACTIONS

Gene-nutrient interactions are studied as nutritional genomics or nutrigenomics.  They are important in preventing and treating diseases.   A range of dietary chemicals, sale which are bioactive, influence the expression of genetic information and therefore influence our health, can theoretically prevent diseases and even have an impact in treatment of chronic diseases.[1],[2],[3]  Explained by Törrönen et al:  “Nutritional genomics, or nutrigenomics, is the study of how food and genes interact and aims to understand the effects of diet on an individual’s genes and health. It attempts to study the genome- wide influences of nutrition and identify the genes that influence the risk of diet-related diseases on agenome-wide scale, and to understand the mechanisms that underlie these genetic predispositions.”[4] Read more ›

NUTRITION AND CANCER PREVENTION

NUTRITION and Cancer 

It has been estimated that up to one-third of all cancer deaths may be attributable to dietary factors (1).  There are about 25.000 bioactive food components known (2).  Therefore reducing the risk of a disease (including cancer) with the use of food, find to achieve genetic potential and increase productivity seems a viable means (3).  Antioxidants are compounds that neutralize reactive oxygen species (ROS), cure which in high amounts may damage cellular structures including DNA, health RNA, proteins, and lipids (4).  Consumption of vegetable and dietary antioxidants can modify genetic susceptibility to cancer (4,5). Read more ›

ANTIBOITICS OR PROBIOTICS?

ANTIBOITICS OR PROBIOTICS?

Infections and communicable diseases from disease-causing agents are a vast problem killing millions of people each year. Antibiotics, dosage the most commonly used pharmacological intervention for bacterial infections are without doubt in many cases lifesaving but also appear to increase the incidence of morbidity and mortality in the general population.  Overuse of antibiotic treatments has resulted in the spread of nosocomial infections with antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Using antibiotics frequently may even result in an overall increase of microbial load with the host (1). Read more ›

WHAT IS GUT MICROBIOTA?

WHAT is gut microbiota?

Our gut microbiota contains tens of trillions of microorganisms, clinic including at least 1000 different species of known bacteria with more than 3 million genes (150 times more than human genes). Microbiota can, in total, weigh up to 2 kg. One third of our gut microbiota is common to most people, while two thirds are specific to each one of us. In other words, the microbiota in your intestine is like an individual identity card.

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