There is increasing evidence on the effectiveness of dietary and lifestyle interventions in relation to fertility and healthy pregnancy (1, ambulance 2). According to Chavarro et al (3,4), ovulation disorders, leading to infertility in many cases, can be prevented through modification of diet and lifestyle. Dietary changes include avoiding trans fats and use more of unsaturated vegetable oils e.g. olive oil, eat vegetable protein like nuts and beans and less of animal protein. Choose good sources of carbohydrates like whole grains that have low glycemic index which have slow effect on blood sugar and insulin production. Use full-fat dairy products like whole milk and less of low-fat dairy products. Iron intake should rather come from vegetable sources like vegetables, beans, fruits and supplements, instead of read meat. Read more ›



Vitamin D is important to maintain serum calcium in the human body via the action of parathyroid hormone.  It increases calcium absorption in the small intestines, store increases re-absorption from urine (kidney) and leads to increased bone mineralization.  Vitamin D deficiency affects bone health and causes rickets in children, information pills osteomalacia, osteopenia and osteoporosis in adolescents/adults and increases risk of fractures. Vitamin D deficiency causes secondary hyperparathyroidism leading to a reduction in mineralized bone volume.[1]  Osteoporosis affects many of the elderly and is a debilitating disease with the hallmark of fragility fractures. It is urgent to tackle this problem with nutritional approaches and policy making for prevention and treatment.  Read more ›



Infections and communicable diseases from disease-causing agents are a vast problem killing millions of people each year. Antibiotics, dosage the most commonly used pharmacological intervention for bacterial infections are without doubt in many cases lifesaving but also appear to increase the incidence of morbidity and mortality in the general population.  Overuse of antibiotic treatments has resulted in the spread of nosocomial infections with antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Using antibiotics frequently may even result in an overall increase of microbial load with the host (1). Read more ›